Kingdom of Bhutan is a landlocked country in South Asia located at the eastern end of the Himalayas. It is bordered to the north by China and to the south, east and west by India. To the west, it is separated from Nepal by the Indian state of Sikkim, while further south it is separated from Bangladesh by the Indian states of Assam and West Bengal. Bhutan’s capital and largest city is Thimphu.
Tucked away in the eastern himalayas Bhutan has been visited by many of ascetics, mystics, scholars, philosophers and pilgrims in search for wisdom, inspiration, solitude and happiness, who have blessed the land and its people with an invaluable spiritual and cultural legacy. Visitors will be surprised that the culture and the traditional lifestyle are still richly intact and at the degree to which they permeate all strands of modern secular life. From the traditional woven garments to the prayer flags on high mountain slopes, from the architectural environment to the natural environment, from the religious mask dances to the folk dances, this heritage is proudly evident and offers a unique setting.
Buddhism is practiced throughout the country and the majority of the Bhutanese are Buddhist. Hinduism is practiced particularly in Southern Bhutan among the Bhutanese of Nepali origin. As practiced by the Southern Bhutanese, Hindu religion has many common saints and divinities with Vijrayana Buddhism, the school of religion prevalent in Bhutan. The main protective deity of the country, Yeshey Gonpo or Mahakala, is a Tantric Buddhist form of Hindu God Shiva and often appears in the form of a raven
The annual festival is called Tshechu. It is one of the most exciting experiences that the visitor can have in Bhutan. It is celebrated in honour of Guru Padmasambhava who visited Bhutan
in 7th century. During the Tshechu, the monks and laymen perform mask dances and the religious
In some festivals you can witness the unveiling of a thongdrel, (a giant appliqud thangka) that is hung from a wall in the Dzongs courtyard. Punakha Dzong has the largest thongdrel in Bhutan.